The over all shape of the tree should be openly pyramidal (Figure 1). Start training the first year by selecting a strong central branch as the main leader.
Prune off any other branches that have an angle of less than about 65º to the central leader. This will likely result in removing most, if not all, of the extraneous branches. Central Leader training: Semi-dwarf and standard size rootstocks can be trained as freestanding central leader trees. A vigorous shoot near the center is chosen at planting time, and competing upright shoots around it are removed.
May 30, John Strong demonstrates how to prune apple trees at planting, and after the first and second growing seasons. It also covers pruning a young tree into beari Missing: Tacoma WA. The central leader/main leader structure is based on a fruit tree's natural upright growth form. Central leader pruning benefits apples, pears, and more. There are different pruning and training structures for different types of fruit trees.
The central leader, or main leader, structure is recommended for fruit trees whose branches naturally have more of an upright growth habit, rather than a spreading shrubdigging.clubg: Tacoma WA. central leader is headed back to about 8 feet to a desirable, wide-angled limb. This limb should be on the windward side of the tree, if possible, as a means of maintaining a good shape. The lowest scaffold branches should also be on the windward side.
During the first few years, keep the leader larger in diameter than the scaffold limbs. This will help maintain strong crotches andMissing: Tacoma WA. Apple trees are trained to a modified leader system.
The tree should be trained with one central leader or main trunk in the center, with several wide-angled limbs spaced around the leader. The tree should mature to a pyramidal shape. The picture below shows correct and incorrect pruning of an apple tree. Use “spur-type” strains or grow apples on dwarfing rootstock to make training and pruning Missing: Tacoma WA. Sep 21, Prune young trees to encourage a central leader, which is the main vertical trunk.
When your tree is a sapling, cut the main trunk to 3 feet above the level of the root crown. Use clippers or loppers and make your cut parallel to the ground.
Trim off all side branches that are forming within 2 feet of the ground as shrubdigging.clubg: Tacoma WA.
Prune the central leader every year, as well. The central leader is the main branch running from the trunk of the tree straight up through the middle. All other branches grow from the central leader. When the central leader reaches the height you want it to be, start pruning. Dwarf trees typically grow 10 to 12 feet, while a standard tree is Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins.